18.104.22.168 Using INI Files
Note: although the term 'INI file' is used by POV-Ray, this was implemented before
the widespread acceptance of Microsoft Windows, and while POV-Ray's INI files are almost identical to those of
Windows, there are some minor differences (the foremost being that it is legal to have multiple instances of the same
item in a section). INI files are used on all platform versions of POV-Ray, not just on the Windows platform.
Because it is difficult to set more than a few options on a command line, you have the ability to put multiple
options in one or more text files. These initialization files or INI files have .ini as their default extension.
Previous versions of POV-Ray called them default files or DEF files. You may still use existing DEF files with this
version of POV-Ray.
The majority of options you use will be stored in INI files. The command line switches are recommended for options
which you will turn off or on frequently as you perform test renderings of a scene you are developing. The file
povray.ini is automatically read if present. You may specify additional INI files on the command-line by simply
typing the file name on the command line. For example:
If no extension is given, then
.ini is assumed. POV-Ray knows this is not a switch because it is not
preceded by a plus or minus.
You may have multiple INI files on the command line along with switches. For example:
POVRAY MYOPTS +V OTHER
This reads options from
myopts.ini, then sets the
+V switch, then reads options from
An INI file is a plain ASCII text file with options of the form...
Option_keyword=VALUE ; Text after semicolon is a comment
For example the INI equivalent of the switch
Options are read top to bottom in the file but in general may be specified in any order. If you specify an option
more than once, the previous values are generally overwritten with the last specification. The only exception is the
options. Up to 25 unique paths may be specified.
Almost all INI-style options have equivalent
- switches. The option reference
section gives a detailed description of all POV-Ray options. It includes both the INI-style settings and the
The INI keywords are not case sensitive. Only one INI option is permitted per line of text. You may also include
switches in your INI file if they are easier for you. You may have multiple switches per line but you should not mix
switches and INI options on the same line. You may nest INI files by simply putting the file name on a line by itself
with no equals sign after it. Nesting may occur up to ten levels deep. For example:
; This is a sample INI file. This entire line is a comment.
; Blank lines are permitted.
Input_File_Name=simple.pov ;This sets the input file name
+W80 +H60 ; Traditional +/- switches are permitted too
MOREOPT ; Read MOREOPT.INI and continue with next line
+V ; Another switch
; That's all folks!
INI files may have labeled sections so that more than one set of options may be stored in a single file. Each
section begins with a label in  brackets. For example:
; This sample INI file is used to set resolution.
+W120 +H100 ; This section has no label.
; Select it with "RES"
+W80 +H60 ; This section has a label.
; Select it with "RES[Low]"
+W320 +H200 ; This section has a label.
; Select it with "RES[Med]"
+W640 +H480 ; Labels are not case sensitive.
; "RES[high]" works
+W800 +H600 ; Labels may contain blanks
When you specify the INI file you should follow it with the section label in brackets. For example...
POVRAY RES[Med] +Imyfile.pov
res.ini and skips all options until it finds the label
Med. It processes
options after that label until it finds another label and then it skips. If no label is specified on the command line
then only the unlabeled area at the top of the file is read. If a label is specified, the unlabeled area is ignored.
If a file or path contains blanks the whole file and path specification has to be put in quotes. You may either use
a double-quote oir a single-quote, but you have to use the same at the beginning and end. For example:
By using either single or double quotes it is possible to specify files whose name or path contains either as part
of the name. For example:
+I'my "big" file.pov'
Input_File='my "big" file.pov'