18.104.22.168 Why are Interior and Media Necessary?
In previous versions of POV-Ray, most of the items in the
interior statement were previously part of
finish statement. Also the
halo statement which was once part of the
statement has been discontinued and has been replaced by the
media statement which is
You are probably asking WHY? As explained earlier, the
interior contains items which
describe the properties of the interior of the object. This is in contrast to the
texture which describes
the surface properties only. However this is not just a philosophical change. There were serious inconsistencies in
the old model.
The main problem arises when a
texture_map or other
patterned texture is used. These features allow you to create textures that are a blend of two textures and which vary
the entire texture from one point to another. It does its blending by fully evaluating the apparent color as though
only one texture was applied and then fully reevaluating it with the other texture. The two final results are blended.
It is totally illogical to have a ray enter an object with one index or refraction and then recalculate with
another index. The result is not an average of the two ior values. Similarly it makes no sense to have a ray enter at
one ior and exit at a different ior without transitioning between them along the way. POV-Ray only calculates
refraction as the ray enters or leaves. It cannot incrementally compute a changing ior through the interior of an
object. Real world objects such as optical fibers or no-line bifocal eyeglasses can have variable iors but POV-Ray
cannot simulate them.
halo calculations were not performed as the syntax implied. Using a
such multi-textured objects did not vary the
halo through the interior of the object. Rather, it computed
two separate halos through the whole object and averaged the results. The new design for
halo makes it possible to have media that varies throughout the interior of the object
according to a pattern but it does so independently of the surface texture. Because there are other changes in the
design of this feature which make it significantly different, it was not only moved to the
the name was changed.
During our development, someone asked if we will create patterned interiors or a hypothetical
feature. We will not. That would defeat the whole purpose of moving these features in the first place. They cannot be
patterned and have logical or self-consistent results.
More about "finish"
More about "texture"
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